Australian refugees essay

Australia has accepted individuals and organizations seeking asylum for a long time. The fear of the community with the Australian border urges the increase in Hallard's refugee politics to be used to explain in relation to discrimination and abuse of asylum seekers still present. Australia has legal obligations to asylum seekers and refugees.

Because Australia is a member of the United Nations Convention on Human Rights refusal, Australia has legal obligations to asylum seekers and refugees. In addition, Australia will undertake the moral obligations under the member states in the international community.

What is Australia's policy on immigration, refugees and asylum seekers? - ABC News

In many cases the female animals were sexually harassed in exchange for having three minutes longer in the shower. My family was lucky, we got the chance about a year ago to come out and live in the bigger zoo all 21 sq. About other animals have also been assessed as refugees and most now have better accommodation living in the Nauruan community while animals remain in the decrepit tents, still waiting for their claims to be assessed.

Friday essay: worth a thousand words – how photos shape attitudes to refugees

To this day we are still like walking ghosts, utterly broken and hopeless. We are hollowed out and devoid of any enthusiasm for life, and we are stuck in animalistic state of existence because that is what we have become. Or even worse, myself and some others are basically just plants or vegetables, withdrawn in our pots for fear of the other animals. We absorb nutrients, sleep and breed, just like plants ironically back in Iran I was an expert on plant life cycles as an agricultural engineer — but that feels like ancient history now.

Some of these animals are very useful for digging and moving rocks, so they are exploited by the Nauruan government to rehabilitate the island, which has been severely depleted and poisoned after decades of phosphate mining, with soil concentrations of cadmium over times the normal level in some locations. Obviously animals are illiterate with no high level abilities, so they are never given skilled well-paid jobs — only Nauruan people can do those. Since animals don't need an education, my son and most of the other tame cubs haven't attended school for over one year, due to abuse from other children.

Actually animals at the zoo are better off than us in some ways, for example medically: they have dedicated specialists who look after them, whereas we animals in Nauru are even deprived of adequate medical care. The IHMS doctors usually just provide superficial treatments. Some of these animals have been surviving for years on a daily injection of physical or psychological painkillers, without ever receiving any substantive curative treatments.

And if any doctors become overwhelmed with compassion and speak to the media about the suffering these animals endure, the Australian government has threatened to put them in jail. Is there really such a thing as human rights in this world, and if so, where are all the advocates and lawyers and courts? Why is nobody prosecuting Australia for such crimes against humanity?

Refugees may have to sell part of their food rations in order to obtain the fuel needed to cook the remainder, contributing to increased levels of malnutrition. Host populations also experience a similar deterioration in the quality of their environment, so that normally available materials and supplies for construction, consumption and fuel are short, and prices for fuel and food in local markets rise. Tensions inevitably result, since host populations are currently made to bear many of the costs of the arrival of refugees in their area without immediate compensation.

Lessons from the environmental impact of the Rwandan refugee camps in Ngara and Kivu. How best to handle the environmental impact of refugees has been an issue brought under the microscope by the Rwanda crisis, because of the ecological importance of the areas into which many of the refugees have had to flee.

Essay About Refugees

UNHCR, in particular, is now in the process of reviewing its response. In the first six months to November , tree resources within 5km of the four Ngara camps had been all but expended. By June , the standard radius for getting fuel was 10km or more from the notional centre-point. These are very rapid fuelwood depletion rates. In north Kivu, , refugees in four camps are located within easy walking distance of the Virunga National Park, and many go there daily to gather fuelwood. It found a daily per capita consumption among local people in Ngara of 2.

Figures in the camps were higher with a figure of 2.


Taking a mean figure of 2. Mean annual increment in the area is likely to be around 1m 3 per hectare, so sustainable off-take ought to spread the refugee demand over ,ha or 5,km 2. If this area were a circle the pattern of fuelwood use around population centres with all , refugees at its centre, its radius would have to be at least 43km for sustainable off-take.

Instead, all this use is concentrated within a radius of km. These figures take no account of the needs of local populations resident in the area before the refugees arrived. There are a variety of short- and longer-term solutions to the need for fuelwood provision on this scale, which were proposed by the agencies involved in the camps, including UNHCR, and by consultants. These are set out in the table on page 9, in descending order of urgency and usefulness.

The most urgent need is to keep per capita consumption of fuel low, and to make fuel available from a wide area and variety of sources so that refugees do not irreversibly damage the area immediately surrounding camps. On the demand side, the biggest single reducer of per capita consumption of fuel is the provision of food in a quick-cooking form. It is theoretically possible to save fuel through the use of fuel-efficient stoves as well, though stove programmes have a depressingly unsuccessful history. A far simpler technology, which greatly reduces fuel-use and cooking time, is the provision of large flat saucepan lids to refugees for covering boiling food and water high altitude has been a factor in high fuel consumption rates in the Rwanda refugee situation.

Cooking times are much slower in highland areas because the boiling point of water is lower.

On the supply side, the simplest way of reducing the impact of refugees though it is often not politically possible , is to set up a larger number of smaller camps, rather than a tiny number of large ones, so that fuelwood collection is automatically spread over a larger area. If this is impossible, then it is essential for agencies to identify natural stands of forest or plantations, and to organise the delivery of fuelwood to the camps.

As time goes by, other sources of fuel may be identified as well. In Tanzania, for instance, both peat and papyrus reeds constitute such sources. A range of other options are inappropriate in this context for the reasons set out in the chart kerosene, charcoal, briquettes, solar cookers, stoves. At the same time, important trees around the camps along water courses, large shade trees, etc can be marked with white paint as not available for felling.